Most people aren’t aware that there are many different types of mold, and they each present different levels of threat to your home. Mold is, of course, a fungus, but most people also aren’t aware that mildew is a fungus as well. Naturally, fungi like mold and mildew thrive in damp environments, so they’re frequently present in areas with a lot of moisture, such as leaky attics, bathrooms, and basements.
But mold comes in many shapes, sizes, colors, and varieties, and you need to be able to clearly identify mold – or it could take over your home. Let’s take a closer look at dangerous types of mold to help you prevent a disastrous outbreak.
Stachybotrys is actually a genus, not a species, and it’s pretty dangerous. It’s an especially large threat within the home because it only takes a few days to grow. This type of mold is fairly easy to identify because it produces disgusting, slimy, black heads (as opposed to the dry types that form in chains).
However, note that some species of the Stachybotrys genus can contain poisons and toxins that negatively affect children’s and infants lungs. In some extreme cases, the poisonous compounds can even cause internal lung bleeding. S. chartarum is the most notorious species of this genus, and is commonly referred to as ‘toxic black mold.’
It is most typically found on dead plant matter in the wild, as it requires cellulose to flourish. Nevertheless, in the home, it can be found on your ceiling, porous surfaces like drywall, and surfaces consisting of pulp such as wood and paper.
This type of mold exacerbates hay fever more than any other type of fungus, and it isn’t your typical kind of mold. What makes it so irritating is that it doesn’t need copious amounts of moisture to thrive. It is classified as a dry-weather spore, and has a daily cycle.
Typically, it peaks in spore production during mid-day and then tapers off during the evening and nighttime. Also, it’s very hearty and opportunistic because it can grow and travel throughout dust particles, carpet, heating and cooling equipment, pet beds and fabrics, and the upholstery of furniture.
Aspergillus is also extremely allergenic, and is commonly found in dirt, stale foods, and even dairy products. It is very closely related to Penicillium, which of course, is used in drug production. But as useful as it is in producing molecules that are toxic to bacteria, you don’t want this type of mold in your home. It can easily spread throughout your home in just a few days, and cause a range of respiratory problems if it multiplies.
Mold remediation in St. Louis is extremely crucial for home maintenance and protection during this time of year. In the winter months, ice can cause cracks and holes to form in roofs, allowing moisture to invade attics.
Furthermore, wet carpet from tracked-in snow as well as leaking caused by frozen pipes creates the perfect breeding ground for mold. You’re better safe than sorry, so contact a mold remediation service in St. Louis as soon as possible once you spot the first sign of mold.